Dr.-Ing. Mitra Nikpay

Fakultät Bauingenieurwesen

Millions of tons of microplastics (MPs) enter the wastewater collection systems every day and interact with raw sewage. In addition to MPs, varieties of organic and inorganic fines from urban effluents release into the sewer system and provide suitable surfaces for adsorption. To better understand the quantitative assessment of MPs sorption in wastewater and the role of fines, batch reactor experiments were performed using synthetic wastewater solutions containing organic, inorganic, and mixed organic–inorganic fines, and the results compared to a solution without fines. The MPs were two types of clean polypropylene (PP) particles, isotactic (iPP) and atactic (aPP). The results showed in all applied solutions the adsorption of pollutants was higher for the aPP averaging 1.3 mg/g compared with 0.5 mg/g for iPP, indicating that the adsorption varies with the type of polymer and surface properties. Further experiments also revealed a decrease in the sorption values of MPs for solutions containing inorganic fines, measured as the partition coefficient (Kd) and adsorbed concentration at equilibrium (qe). The result of the measured reference conductivity (к25) of the solutions for the same tests showed similar trends indicating that the magnitude of pollution adsorption onto MPs surfaces is controlled by the surface charge potential of the fine particles. The relationship between the qualitative assessments of ion removal, measured in terms of к25, and their quantitative assessment of adsorption values in terms of Kd in several identical tests, verifying that the conductivity of the solution was modified after adsorption of wastewater constituents onto the MPs.

ORCID: 0000-0003-1682-068X
E-Mail: mitra.nikpay(at)
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1Mitarbeit in Drittmittelprojekten
  • Wastewater Fines Influence the Adsorption Behavior of Pollutants onto Microplastics
    NIKPAY, Mitra, 2021. Wastewater Fines Influence the Adsorption Behavior of Pollutants onto Microplastics. Artikel/Online-Artikel. DOI:10.1007/s10924-021-02243-x